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Chapter 22 Africa War 81-98

Civil War 凯撒 6540Words 2018-03-21
81.When Caesar arrived there, as soon as he saw Scipio's battle array, he lined up in front of his own ramparts, with war elephants on the left and right flanks, but some soldiers were still building fortifications without hesitation.Caesar arranged his army in three rows, with the tenth and seventh legions on the right flank, the eighth and ninth legions on the left flank, and five battalions of the fifth legion on each of the two wings, as The fourth column is used to deal with elephants. His archers and stone archers are arranged on both wings, and light soldiers are interspersed among the cavalry.Caesar himself hurriedly circled the soldiers on foot, reminding the veterans of the bravery of past battles and galvanizing them with inspiring words.As for the recruits, since they had never met in real battle, he encouraged them to imitate the bravery of the veterans, and to strive for a victory to compare themselves with them in honor, position, and reputation.

82.As Caesar was prowling about the army, he noticed that the enemies near the ramparts were very agitated. They ran here and there in panic, retreated into the gates of the camp, and rushed out in a disorderly manner.When others began to notice this, Caesar's lieutenants and remaining veterans immediately demanded that he issue orders at once, without further hesitation, saying: This is the Immortal God's herald of a decisive battle for him. victory.Caesar still hesitated; against their zeal and drive, repeatedly declared that he did not like to start a fight by sudden attack, and again and again held his ground.But on the right, a trumpeter, urged on by everyone, suddenly began to blow the attack trumpet without Caesar's order.At this moment, each battalion began to rush towards the enemy, although the centurions were in front of them, trying to stop the soldiers and telling them not to rush forward without the command of the commander, but it was useless.

83.When Caesar knew that the excitement of the soldiers could no longer be suppressed, he signaled "Victory to you" and, pushing his horse, galloped toward the first column of the enemy.At the same time, on the right flank, the stone archers and archers concentrated a large number of arrows and fired them at the elephants.As a result, these livestock were frightened by the hissing sound of flying stones, stones, and shot balls thrown past, and ran back, trampling over a large number of their own troops and guards who were densely assembled behind them, and quickly Rush in towards the half-finished gate of the rampart.Maori cavalry on the same flank as the elephant herd.As soon as he saw the elephant he was covering escaped, he followed suit.After the elephants were hastily driven off, the legionaries occupied the enemy's rampart, and the few who resisted fiercely there were killed, and the rest fled to the same camp from which they had set out the day before.

84.I do not think that the heroic deeds of a veteran of the Fifth Army should be omitted.A wounded elephant on the right flank, furious with pain, rushed at an unarmed battalion orderly, stomped him to the ground, and knelt on top of him again.It raised its long nose, swayed here and there, and roared loudly, trying to crush him to death with its own weight.The soldier couldn't bear to watch this situation, so he put on his whole body and ran towards the animal.When the elephant saw him approaching with a weapon in his hand, it let go of the corpse, and with its nose guide rolled up the soldier and lifted him into the air.Seeing that in this great danger he could only hope to be saved if he acted resolutely and resolutely, he used his sword to slash the proboscis that entangled him as hard as he could.The pangs of pain caused the elephant to abandon the soldier, and turning away with a loud roar, fled back to the rest of the animals.

85.At the same time, those who served as guards in Tapsutan did not know whether they wanted to help their own people, or whether they wanted to abandon the town and escape to find their own way of life. They broke through the city gate facing the sea, and then, in the After wading for a while in the sea where the water depth did not reach the navel, I landed on the shore.But they were prevented from approaching the shore by stones and spears thrown by the slaves and servants in the camp, and they returned to the town.At the same time, Scipio's army had been completely defeated, and was routed everywhere in the field, and ran away, while Caesar's legions followed closely behind and gave them no chance to gather.When they fled to the camp to which they had run, and tried to defend themselves again after a short respite there, they hoped to find a leader, and were ready to fight under his leadership and command.but.When they found that there was no one on guard there, they threw down their arms again, and fled to the king's camp.When they got there, they found it also in the hands of Caesar's army.Having lost all hope of salvation, they halted on a hill, and lowered their arms, as is the salute in the army.They do.It may be painful enough, but it still can't save them.For Caesar's old soldiers, burning with rage and hatred, were so excited that they would not only refuse to be persuaded to forgive their enemies.He even killed or wounded several respectable Romans in his team, calling them "people who took the lead in giving bad ideas". Among them was Tullius Luzis, who was a financial officer. The soldier was deliberately stabbed to death with a light spear; likewise Pompey Lucius, wounded in the arm by a sword, would have been almost killed on the spot had he not rushed to Caesar.As soon as this kind of thing happened, many cavaliers and elders became scared and withdrew from the battle one after another, so as not to be killed by these soldiers.These are the people who are being reckless because they have won a glorious victory, thinking that whatever crimes they commit will be forgiven on the face of great success.Thus, although all these Scipio's soldiers were asking Caesar to accept their surrender, and although Caesar himself looked on and asked the soldiers to forgive them, none of them remained.

86.Caesar took three camps, killed 10,000 of his enemies, and routed a large army, then returned to camp with only fifty soldiers himself, and a few wounded.He immediately rushed all the way, stopped in front of the city of Tapsus, and then lined up the sixty-four war elephants he had captured in full body, with shooting towers and various decorations in front of the town. He did this to see if Vigilius, and those who were besieged with him in the city, would cease their recalcitrance when they saw these proofs of the defeat of their party.Then he himself appealed to Vigilius, referring to him his clemency and mercy, and begging him to surrender.Later, when he saw that the other party did not answer him, he left that town.The next day, after offering sacrifices to the gods, he held a general assembly of soldiers in sight of the townspeople, praised the soldiers, and rewarded all the veterans, and gave them on the altar to the bravest and the bravest. Rewards were given to those who had done great deeds.then.He departed there at once, and sent Rebilus the consul with three legions to besiege Tapsus, and Gnaeus Domitius with two legions to besiege Considius. Tisdra, and then sent Marcus Mesala with cavalry ahead to Utica, and he himself hastened there.

87.Meanwhile those of Scipio's cavalry, who had escaped from the battle, fled in the direction of Utica and reached the town of Parada.At this time, the news of Caesar's victory had already reached the town first, so the residents refused them to enter the city.They took it by force, and in the middle of the marketplace they piled up a pile of wood, put all the property of the townspeople on it, set it on fire, and tied up all the townspeople, high and low, Regardless of their age, they were all thrown into the fire alive to let them suffer this cruel punishment.Then they ran straight to Utica.Some time ago, Marcus Gato believed that these Uticans had benefited from Caesar's Julius Law, so they only supported him half-heartedly, so he drove the civilians in the city out of the city with their bare hands. When they went outside the city, they built a camp just outside Beliga, which was also protected by a small moat, and guards were placed around it, and they were forced to live in it.However, he did not let go of the elders of the city's council of elders.These horsemen of Scipio began to attack the camp, knowing that the inhabitants were on Caesar's side.If you can kill them, you can use their destruction to eliminate the hatred in your heart.But the Uticans, already encouraged by Caesar's victory, drove back the cavalry with stones and clubs.Thus, when these cavalry found it impossible to take the camp, they rushed into the city of Utica, where they killed many of the inhabitants, and attacked and plundered their houses.Cato had no way to say that these people cooperated with him to defend the city and stop the massacre and robbery. He knew what they came for, so he gave them a hundred sesterces each to appease their greed.Faustus Sulla did the same, gave them part of his money, and left Utica with them to the kingdom of Yuba.

88.At the same time, many people came to Utica from fleeing.Cato summoned all these men, and the three hundred who had donated money to Scipio to fight, and encouraged them to free the slaves and guard the city.When he knew that some of them agreed with him, and that others were already distraught, and were about to flee, he said no more about the matter, but assigned ships to them, so that they might go wherever they thought.After having arranged everything carefully, he entrusted his child to Lucius Caesar, who was at this time his treasurer, and then entered his bedroom, his face and conversation were as usual, which made people feel ashamed. No doubt.He secretly brought a dagger to his bed, and with it killed himself.When he fell, still alive, his doctors and slaves, suspecting that something had happened, burst into the dormitory, bandaged his wounds, and stopped the bleeding.However, he opened the wound by himself and resolutely ended his life.Although from a partisan point of view the people of Utica hated him, it was because of his rare integrity, because he behaved quite differently from other leaders, and because he built Utica an excellent defense. Fortifications, increased watchtowers, etc., so they still buried him according to the ritual.After Cato committed suicide, Lucius Caesar thought that this incident could benefit him. He called the people together to hold a meeting and encouraged everyone to open all the city gates. Caesar's benevolence is confident.Therefore, the gates were opened, and he himself ran out of Utica to meet the commander Caesar.Mesala was ordered to come to Utica, and guards were placed at all the gates of the city.

89.Meanwhile, Caesar set out from Tapsus to Usseta, where Scipio had amassed a great store of provisions, arms, spears, and other supplies, guarded only by a few men.When he got there he took possession of the lot, and at once made his way to Hadrumetum again.He entered the city without the slightest resistance.He inspected the weapons, food and money there, and pardoned Quintus Ligarius and Gaius Considius who were there at the time—the aforementioned Consi The son of Deus—the life.Then on the same day he left Hadrumetum, leaving Livinius Regulus on guard there with a legion, and hastened himself to Utica.Lucius Caesar met him on the way, and immediately knelt at Caesar's feet, begging him for nothing but to spare his life.Caesar readily agreed to him out of his own nature and based on his consistent principles.Likewise, he spared, as was customary, Caiquina, Gaius Atreus, Publius Atreus, Lucius Kerra and his sons, Marcus Epius, Marcus Aquinus, and the sons of Cato and the children of Damasipus, who then arrived in Utica about the time of the lighting of the lamps, and spent that night.

90.Early the next morning he entered the town, and called a general meeting, in which he addressed the inhabitants of Utica with words of encouragement, and thanked them for their enthusiasm for him.He said many things against the Roman citizens who were engaged in business there, and those who had donated money to Varus and Scipio in the House of Three Hundred, and described their crimes in detail, but in the end Tell them to come out and show their faces without fear, and he will spare their lives anyway, but he will sell their property, and if any of them wants to buy his property back, he will sell it. The property is accounted for as sold, and the proceeds are charged to fines so that they can keep them safe and sound in the future.These men, pale with terror, considering what they had done, were fearing for their lives, when they were suddenly given a chance of life, accepted these conditions with great joy, and asked Caesar to fix a sum, from which three hundred People pay in the name of the collective.He therefore demanded that they pay the people of Rome two hundred million sesterces, to be paid in six installments over three years.They accepted without hesitation, graciously thanking Caesar, saying it was their day to be human again.

91.At the same time, King Yuba and Petreius fled the battlefield together, hid in the farmhouse during the day, traveled at night, and finally rushed to their own kingdom and came to Zama.Here is his residence, as well as his wives and children.He also collected here all the money and precious things from all over the kingdom, and built a strong fortification against it from the beginning of the war.But the townspeople had heard in advance the long-awaited news of Caesar's belly, and they closed the gates of the city and refused to let him in. He collected a large amount of firewood and made a big pile in the center of Zama's market. If the war failed, he was going to pile up all his things, then kill all the citizens, throw them into it, light a fire, and finally He himself climbed to the top and committed suicide, and died with his children, wives, people, and all the royal treasures.Yuba stayed in front of the city gate for a long time, at first posing as a king to threaten the people of Zama, but then realizing that it was useless, he begged them to let him into his house, and when he saw that the other party had made a decision When resolution, neither threats nor entreaties, could more successfully move them to accept him, he could only at last demand that they return their wives and children to him, that he might take them away.Seeing that the townspeople were still ignoring him, he left Zama in vain, and hurried to one of his country houses with Marcus Petreius and a few cavalry. 92.So the Zama sent envoys to Caesar in Utica, asking him to send them reinforcements before the king could muster an army against them, saying that they were ready, and that as long as there was life left, they would be sent to Caesar. Will save that city and themselves for Caesar.Caesar praised the messengers and sent them back to report first, saying that he would follow.He left Utica the next day with his cavalry, and entered quickly into the king's territory.Along the way many of the king's troops rushed to Caesar and begged him to forgive him.He forgave the supplicants, and entered Zama.Meanwhile, news of his generosity and benevolence spread everywhere, and nearly all the knights of the kingdom came to Zama to see Caesar, and he relieved their fear and threat. 93.While these things were going on between the two sides, Considius, who was in charge of guarding Thisdra with his slaves, gladiators, and a group of Getulians, heard that his party had been killed, and heard When Domitius and his legions had arrived, he was terrified, and feeling that his safety was hopeless, he abandoned the town, and with a few barbarian troops and a great deal of money, secretly fled to the borders of Yuba.On the way, the Gatuli who accompanied him were greedy for his wealth, killed him, and then went to where they could go.Meanwhile, Gaius Vigilius knew that the land and sea routes were closed and could no longer be used, and that his comrades had either been killed or fled; Ka himself has taken his own life; the king has been abandoned by his own people, despised by all, and is wandering; Sabra and his army have been destroyed by Sitius; Caesar has entered Utica without hindrance; And the huge army in the past no longer exists.He had no choice but to accept the promises made to him and his children by the proconsul Caninius who was besieging him, and gave himself and all his own and the town to the proconsul. 94.Meanwhile, King Yuba, with all the towns shutting his doors, despairs of his safety.At last, in order to make it appear that they died bravely, after a feast with Petraeus, they fought a duel with swords, and Juba, the stronger, easily killed the weaker. Petraeus, Yuba then tried unsuccessfully to drive his sword into his own breast, and he had one of his slaves kill him, which he succeeded at last. 95.At that time, Publius Sitius, who had defeated the army of Sabra, the governor of Yuba, and killed Sabra himself, came to Caesar with a small army through Mauritania. , happened to meet Faustus Sulla and Afranius on the way.These two men were leading the army that robbed Utica, numbering about a thousand men, on their way to Spain.Sitius quickly laid an ambush during the night, and attacked them at dawn.Only a few cavalry in front escaped, the rest were either killed or surrendered.A few days after Sitius captured Aphranius and Faustus alive, along with Faustus' wife and children, there was a quarrel in the army, and Faustus and Aphranius were all killed.As for Pompeia, and her children by Faustus, Caesar spared their lives, and allowed them to keep their property. 96.Meanwhile Scipio, Damasipus, Torquatus, and Praetorius Rustianus, in several ships of war, were sailing to Spain, after a long period of tossing and storming.They sailed to the fleet of royal Hippoblinsiteus, where at this moment anchored, the few ships of Scipio were at once surrounded and sunk by the much larger fleet of Sitthius.Xiying'a and those whose names were just mentioned above all died together. 97.Meanwhile, Caesar auctioned off the royal property at Zama.He also sold the property of those who, though they were citizens of Rome, fought against the Roman people by force.He paid rewards to those Zama residents who proposed to imprison the king outside the city, included the royal family's tax revenue, and changed the kingdom into a province.Then, leaving Gaius Sallustius there, to assume the military and political power in the title of consul, he left Zama and returned to Utica.There he sold all the property of those who commanded the troops under Yuba and Petreius.And, as a fine, he demanded two millions from the Tapsus, three millions from their diaspora, and three millions from the Hadrumetum, from their diaspora. Ask for five million.But he protected their cities and property from invasion and plunder.As for the Leptytes, whose estates had been plundered by Yuba some years before, they had been returned to took them.Caesar this time asked them to pay three million rouge pounds a year to withdraw oil, because at the beginning of this turmoil, because of their leaders' mutual rivalry, they had concluded an alliance with Yuba and supported them with arms, troops, and money. over him.As for those Tisdra people, because of the poor condition of their town, they were fined a sum of food. 98.Having made these arrangements, he embarked with his fleet at Utica on the thirteenth of June, and two days later reached Caralis in Sardinia.There, because the Surgi had received Nasidius and his fleet, and provided him with an army, he ordered them to hand over a hundred thousand sesterces and fined them the past The tithe was changed to an eighth, and he sold the estates of the few.He then embarked on the 27th of June and left Caralis, and sailed along the coast, being delayed in several ports by wind and waves, and reaching Rome twenty-seven days later.
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