Chapter 5 Commentary on the Amitabha Sutra of the Buddha
Buddha's Amitabha Sutra 释迦牟尼 7038Words 2018-03-20
101) Ganges sand: Ganges sand refers to the number of Ganges sands, for example, there are a lot of them.Why do you use the Ganges River as an example?One is that the sand in the Ganges River is fine and abundant; the other is that the Ganges River is the birthplace of the Buddha and the place where the Buddha's disciples parade. Therefore. 102) Broad and long tongue phase: one of the thirty-two phases, the tongue is wide and long, soft, red and thin, and can cover the face to the hairline. "Wisdom Degree Theory" said: "Ask, if the Buddha, the World Honored One, is respected by great virtues, why does the wide and long tongue seem to be light?" Up to the hairline." In this sutra, "extending a wide and long tongue" can "pervade the three thousand great thousand worlds", because the Buddha's light and the Buddha's Sanskrit sound are widely used in Buddha's work, so they can pervade the three thousand great thousand worlds. 103) Three Thousand Great Thousand Worlds: With Mount Sumeru as the center, seven mountains and eight seas surround it, and Tiewei Mountain as the outline, it is called a small world; the thousand small worlds are combined into a small thousand worlds; One thousand small thousand worlds make one middle thousand worlds; these one thousand middle thousand worlds make one great thousand worlds, so we know that one thousand small worlds are combined into one billion small worlds.This one-thousand-thousand-world is the realm transformed by one Buddha, and the width of the three-thousand-thousand-thousand-thousand world is exactly equal to the fourth dhyana heaven.See "Theory of Great Wisdom" for details. 104) Nursing: the meaning of protection and remembrance.For pedestrians, preventing external evil from intruding is called protection; internal goodness can grow and is called mindfulness.Therefore, externally resisting evil and internally generating good are called protective thoughts.As far as the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas are concerned, in order to benefit the pedestrians and practice the Tao, they protect and remember the pedestrians all the time, which is also called protecting thoughts.Also, making the mind restless is also the meaning of protecting thoughts. 105) Sun Moon Lantern Buddha: This Buddha has three wisdoms in harmony. "Sun" represents the common wisdom of the world. Entering Nirvana; "Lamp" shows the wisdom in the world, and the lamp can illuminate day and night, so the wisdom in the watch is both true and common, and the reason is harmonious.This Buddha is named after the three wisdoms of truth, commonness and middle school, so it is called Sun Moon Lantern Buddha. 106) Famous Guangfo: Famous, Sanskrit Yashe, famous in the world.This Buddha made a vow to benefit all living beings with his name and Buddha's light, so that his name can be widely heard in the world of ten directions. When all living beings hear his name, as long as they can generate a thought of respect, they can be blessed by the light of mercy of this Buddha, so that Feel at ease.This Buddha is named after the name Buddha Light to benefit all living beings, so it is named Wenguang Buddha. 107) Big Flame Shoulder Buddha: Big, representing the immeasurable body of the Buddha (big body), immeasurable pure merit (large phase), and immeasurable ability to save lives (big use).Flame, brilliance, refers to the wisdom of the world beyond the world of the Buddha.Shoulder has two meanings: one represents the ability to bear meaning, which can bear the burden of sentient beings so that they can escape the suffering of life and death and achieve the joy of Nirvana; the other represents the two wisdoms of power and reality (true and common).This Buddha was born with wisdom, so it is named Great Flame Shoulder Buddha. 108) Sumeru Lamp Buddha: The lamp represents light and wisdom.The wisdom of the Buddha is infinite. He not only transforms his own consciousness into wisdom, but also makes all sentient beings transform their consciousness into wisdom.Demonstrating the Buddha's wisdom with the "wonderful, high, and bright" of "Sumeri" means: to manifest the "wonderful" by saving lives with inconceivable wisdom; to manifest the "high" with the wisdom that surpasses all worlds; The darkness and even the inconspicuous "brightness" of sentient beings since their innumerable births and deaths.This Buddha is named for the supreme wisdom of the Buddha, so it is called Sumeru Buddha. 109) Immeasurable Diligence Buddha: This Buddha has been diligent since immeasurable kalpas. Those who are "progressive" are refined but not miscellaneous, and then do not retreat, so they can achieve success in practice.With the Bodhi mind, this Buddha has been seeking the Buddha way, transforming sentient beings, and established his name from the cultivation industry, so it is called the Buddha of Infinite Vigor. 110) Buddha of Infinite Life: This Buddha is not the Buddha of Infinite Life (Amitabha) in the Paradise of Ultimate Bliss, but the Buddha of the same name in the Western world.This Buddha is named after longevity (body), which means that the life span of the Buddha's Dharma body is infinite.The Buddha's life is infinite, and it is the merit of keeping the precept of not killing living beings and saving all living beings from life and death for countless kalpas. 111) Immeasurable Buddha: This Buddha is named after its appearance, which means that the Dharma of the Buddha is endless, subtle and excellent.The Buddha's good looks are infinite, and it is the result of diligently cultivating precepts, concentration and wisdom, eliminating greed, hatred and ignorance, and gathering the merits and virtues of the pure nature of the constant sand. 112) Boundless Banner Buddha: This Buddha is named after its use, and it shows that the merits and virtues of the pure and constant sand contained in the body of the Buddha are endless. "Building" has the meaning of destroying evil and showing justice, and expressing the supreme meaning of law and appearance.This Buddha adorns the Buddhaland with immeasurable pure merits and virtues, and transforms all living beings, so it is called Infinite Banner Buddha. 113) Daguang Buddha: This Buddha made an appointment with Zhiguang.The Buddha's wisdom is infinite, he can illuminate the world, he can break through ignorance, and he can do Buddhist work with the light of wisdom.The light of this wisdom flows out from the pure self-nature, the so-called: "The quiet aurora is accessible, and the stillness illuminates the void", so it is called the Great Light Buddha. 114) Daming Buddha: This Buddha is named Zhiming.This Buddha has one mind and three wisdoms (three wisdoms: true, vulgar, and middle), which can break through all the darkness of the five dwelling afflictions and even ignorance, and break all confusion: such as seeing, thinking, and confusion, breaking it with all wisdom (true wisdom); The wisdom of the Tao (common wisdom) breaks it; the ignorance and confusion are broken by all kinds of wisdom (middle wisdom).All confusions are eliminated, wisdom is fully manifested, like Gao (sound manuscript), when the sun is in the sky, everything is illuminated and everything is not obscured, so it is called the Great Ming Buddha. 115) Baoxiang Buddha: This Buddha is named after his good looks.Treasures are honorable and eliminate poverty.Buddha has immeasurable appearances, and each appearance has immeasurable benefits.Let me give you one or two treasure-like features: Eyes, the scriptures say: "84,000 pure and precious eyes"; hairs, the scriptures say "glass tube"; chest, the scriptures say "purple grinding gold"; meat buns , the scriptures say "Zhen Shujiabao" and so on.The Buddha's precious appearance enables all living beings to see and hear, so that all living beings will have a rare, reverent and respectful heart, so as to generate various merits and virtues to save lives.For this reason, this Buddha is called Treasure Phase Buddha. 116) Pure Light Buddha: This Buddha saves life with pure wisdom and light, so that all living beings who recite this Buddha will be able to receive the pure light of this Buddha, and can remove all the dirt in the hearts of all living beings.Because of the purity of the Buddha's virtue, it can emit great light, but the wisdom of defilement does not emit pure light.The light of the pure wisdom of the Buddha is like a great fire that burns away all impurities.The light of this Buddha can do Buddhist deeds and ultimately make all living beings pure, hence the name Pure Light Buddha. 117) Flame Shoulder Buddha: The meaning of flame and shoulder is the same as "Big Flame Shoulder Buddha" above, but the meaning of this Buddha's name is different from that of the Great Flame Shoulder Buddha: the Great Flame Shoulder Buddha is established with wisdom; this Flame Shoulder Buddha Standing up with the virtues, shouldering the power with both shoulders, realizing the two wisdoms, using the real wisdom to understand the reason, the reason is not incomplete, the power and wisdom are used to judge the opportunity, and the opportunity is endless.Because of reason, it can cut off all the troubles of sentient beings, and because of opportunity, it can save all sentient beings with predestined relationship, so it is called Flaming Shoulder Buddha. 118) The most victorious sound Buddha: There is a "love language" in the Bodhisattva's four methods.Because of this Buddha, he always protects his mouth karma, often speaks love words, and makes all living beings happy and beneficial. Therefore, in terms of fruit, he wins and surpasses the retribution of all kinds of voices of all living beings in the Nine Realms.There are eight kinds of virtues in Tathagata's voice: 1. Excellent sound (to enter the good way with Buddha's virtue); Dao, elegant and moderate), 4. Zunhuiyin (with Buddha's dignity, so that those who hear it will respect and understand), 5. Not female voice (Buddhism is solemn, so that all the world and evil spirits are respected), Sixth, the sound of no error (the wisdom of the Buddha is perfect and infallible, so that everyone who hears it can get the right view), seven, the sound of the deep and far-reaching (the sound of the Buddha is high, so that the listener can understand the profound truth no matter how far or near), eight, Inexhaustible sound (the Buddha's vows are infinite, so the sound of the Dharma is endless).This Buddha is named after the karma of practicing speech, so it is called the most sublime sound Buddha. 119) Difficult to Ju Buddha: This Buddha has proved the solid body of reason, has clearly seen the self-nature and the Buddha-nature, and has broken all ignorance and afflictions, and is not depressed or hindered by all afflictions, without change or movement.Also, those who are discouraged, obstructing the meaning, saying that the Buddha's virtue is universal, cannot be prevented by bodhisattvas of the six mortals and three vehicles.This Buddha was named from the proof of reason, so it is called Nanju Buddha. 120) Risheng Buddha: This Buddha has thoroughly verified the three wisdoms, and the Buddha's wisdom is infinite, shining through the world and transcending the world, breaking through his own ignorance for the first time, just like the first birth of the sun.The name "Risheng" is also one.And the original awareness of all living beings is still in ignorance, just like a long night without seeing the sun.The sun is the king of the stars and the moon, and it can give birth to all things. The Buddha is the king of the Dharma, and it can make all living beings develop wisdom and achieve Buddha wisdom.This Buddha shines with immeasurable Buddha wisdom, and can break through all the ignorance, afflictions, and karmic obstacles of all living beings in the long night of darkness, just like the sun rising in the east, giving birth to all things.The name "Risheng" is the second one.This Buddha practiced in the cause of the ground, and the confusion was broken, and the wisdom was manifested, and he began to feel clear, like the sun born in the east, and he was born in the sun, so he was named Risheng. 121) Wangming Buddha: The net has two meanings: one is that the Buddha’s wisdom is infinite, just like the Brahma net, with endless layers, thousands of pearls in the Brahma net, and thousands of beads intertwine, bright holes are penetrating, just like the wisdom of Buddha, double illuminate the world, endless, repeated sentient beings.One is that in this place of origin of the Buddha, there is a network of teaching facilities, to enlist all living beings with teachings, and to guide them into the wisdom of the Buddha.This Buddha was named after the wisdom of the Buddha, hence the name Wangming Buddha. 122) Master Buddha: The lion is the king of beasts, which is a metaphor for the bravery of Buddha's wisdom.In ancient times, the word "shi" was used to replace the word "lion", and the word "shi" and "shi" are interlinked. "Great Wisdom Theory" says: "It's also like the master among the four-legged beasts, who is alone and fearless, and can subdue everything. The same is true for the Buddha, who subdues everything among the ninety-six kinds of heresies." Fear, it is called a teacher roar.When the master shouted, heretics overwhelmed him, the two vehicles were blind and deaf, and Bodhisattvas and Buddhas increased their samadhi.This Buddha was named after his mighty virtue, hence the name Shizi Buddha. 123) Famous and famous Buddha: This Buddha made a vow because of this, and wants to use his name to be widely known in the world of ten directions, so that all living beings who hear his name will be blessed by this Buddha.In addition, this Buddha knows that all living beings have the same name, and the mighty virtue of the Buddha can make people famous in the ten directions, so that all living beings can first lead them to Buddhism with the desire to be famous, and then teach them to enter the Buddha way with righteous wisdom.This Buddha is named because of the convenience of being famous and famous, so it is named Wenfo. 124) Mingguang Buddha: This Buddha made a vow in the cause, and all living beings in the ten directions who can call his name will be blessed with the light of this Buddha, endowed with wisdom and virtue, and finally get rid of the cycle of life and death and enter Nirvana.This Buddha is named after the light of the dharmakaya, so it is called Light Buddha. 125) Bodhidharma: Bodhidharma, the Chinese word "law".Those who follow the law follow righteousness.Use the dharma to hold one's own virtue and become one's dharma body; use the dharma to hold other bodies so that all sentient beings can achieve the dharma body.In addition, when the Buddha is practicing in the cause, he can use his own actions as a model for humans and heavens, which is called "walking can be followed"; and when he uses his own practice and teaching, he can set a model for humans and heavens, which is "words can be followed".The words and deeds of this Buddha can guide humans and heaven, and establish a name from words and deeds, so it is called Bodhidharma Buddha. 126) Dharma Zhuang Buddha: Dharma Zhuang, the Dharma Zhuang also.The building is high and obvious, and it also serves as a sign.The banner of the Dharma is superior to everything, showing clearly, so that all beings can not only see the Dharma and hear the Dharma, but also practice it according to the understanding.The high meaning is to make all human beings and heavenly vehicles arouse incomparable admiration and desire to study the Dharma.This Buddha is named for the eminence of establishing the Dharma, hence the name Fazhuang Buddha. 127) Holding the Dharma Buddha: Holders, hold the middle name, hold the name and hold it.Those who persist in the middle do not fall into the boundless, do not fall into the boundless, because they are good at holding the middle way and the wonderful law.Those who hold on to it, hold on to the Dharma, and circulate it through the three generations, so that it will never be cut off.This Buddha is good at upholding the dharmas of "power, reality, suddenness, and gradualness", and guides all living beings according to various opportunities, so that they all enter the correct path of Buddhism and hear the dharma.This Buddha was named after his guidance, so it is called Dharma-holding Buddha. 128) Sanskrit Buddha: Sanskrit, the sound of the Great Brahma King, also refers to the pure and untainted sound.Sanskrit sounds have five aspects of purity: the sound is upright, the sound is elegant, the sound is clear, the sound is deep and full, and the sound is heard far away. Those with these five sounds are called Sanskrit sounds.The voice of the Buddha is also like this, so there are Sanskrit sounds in the thirty-two signs.This is the most subtle and pure sound that the Buddha has cultivated through the practice of pure oral karma throughout the kalpas, called the Sanskrit sound.The Sanskrit sounds of the Buddha are more: the Sanskrit sounds of the inanimate, which can purify the six ordinary and five turbidities within the world;This Buddha was named after the pure oral karma, hence the name Sanskrit Buddha. 129) Suwang Buddha: Suwang, the king of stars, there are two types: one refers to the moon as the king of the stars, the so-called "all the stars are bright, not as bright as the lonely moon"; "All the stars support the Big Dipper" said.No matter what kind of saying it is, it is said that the Buddha is the king of the Dharma, and he is at ease in the Dharma; the Buddha is the king of enlightenment, and he is greatly enlightened.That is why all sentient beings belong to the King of Dharma, and to Great Enlightenment.This Buddha is named for the supreme nature of dharma, hence the name Suwang Buddha. 130) Fragrance Buddha: This Buddha is holy and holy, and he has personally experienced the precepts, samadhi, wisdom, liberation, and liberation. The fragrance.This Buddha is named after the fragrance of the dharma body, so it is called Xiangshang Buddha. 131) Fragrance Light Buddha: This Buddha also personally witnessed the five-point Dharma fragrance, the precept fragrance is pure, that is, emits the light of wisdom, which is a metaphor for the two virtues of wisdom and severance.Refraining from incense means breaking virtue: incense can ward off evil, and it has the meaning of eliminating filth, so it means cutting off all troubles and impurities from oneself; wisdom light means wisdom and virtue: light can eliminate darkness, so it means using the light of three wisdoms to break the darkness of all ignorance and karma for all living beings Also, to benefit oneself and benefit others, so that all sentient beings can achieve Buddhahood.This Buddha is named after the metaphor of the two virtues of judgment and wisdom, so it is called Xiangguang Buddha. 132) Buddha of variegated jewels and flowers: those with jeweled flowers, practice in the ground; those with mixed-colored jewels, this Buddha extensively cultivates six paramitas and ten thousand lines in the ground of cause, just like adorned with immeasurable jeweled flowers of various colors the pure dharma body of Buddha , That is to say, with the cause of the six perfections, the fruit of the adorned dharmakaya.This truth is the sameness of form and emptiness: Although the six paramitas and ten thousand actions are form, the causal flower is formless and formless and empty; the Dharma body is formless and formless, although it is empty, but the fruit is really there.This Buddha is named after the Six Paramitas and Ten Thousand Practices, hence the name Variegated Treasure Flower Yanshen Buddha. 133) Sala Tree King Buddha: Sanskrit Sala, solid translation.This tree does not wither in the cold, and the ax does not damage it. It is a metaphor for the Dharma body that the Buddha has realized. It cannot be damaged by confusion, and the environment cannot be moved.It is also said to be the most superior. This tree is tall and tall, and other trees are inferior. It means that the Buddha surpasses the three realms.This Buddha was named after the law he proved, hence the name Sala Tree King Buddha.Also, according to the "Lotus Sutra Miaozhuangyan King Pin", it says: "Miaozhuangyan King will become a Buddha in the future, and he will be named Sala Tree King Buddha." See "Lotus Sutra Miaozhuangyan King Pin" for details. 134) Baohua De Buddha: Baohua talks about virtue, and the heavenly Baohua has the four virtues of Nirvana: "Eternal, Happy, Self, and Pure": Baohua has no fading, which is a metaphor for the "constant" virtue of Buddha; Baohua Pleasing people's minds is a metaphor for the Buddha's "joy" virtue; Baohua's wonderful fragrance is a metaphor for the Buddha's "self" virtue; Baohua's body is shiny and clean, which is a metaphor for the Buddha's "purity" virtue.With these four virtues, so Yun Baohua.The Buddha has entered into the Mahayana supreme nirvana, complete with the four virtues of nirvana of "eternal, happy, self, and pure", so the virtue of Baohua is used to describe it.This Buddha is named after the fruit of the Buddha, so it is named Baohuade Buddha. 135) Seeing the Buddha of All Righteousness: all dharmas are endless, such as mundane dharmas and supramundane dharmas; .And the Buddha proves all kinds of wisdom, so he can exhaust the reality of all dharmas, in all kinds of power, reality;When the master Sakyamuni was the prince, his full name was: "Sava Herata Siddhartha". "Sapohoratta" translates "all meanings" and "Siddhartha" translates "achievement".Therefore, we know that Buddhas and Buddhas are all the same.This Buddha is famous for his wisdom and achievement, so he is called the Buddha of Seeing All Righteousness. 136) Such as Mount Sumeru Buddha: This Buddha is named for its virtues, which is different from the previous "Sumeru Buddha" for its appearance.Mount Sumeru contains the three meanings of "wonderful, high, and bright", and Buddha's virtue also has these three meanings: Buddha has ten thousand virtues, such as the four treasures of Mount Sumeru alloy, silver, glaze, and glass, so it is called "wonderful"; Buddha is everything. The supremacy of all living beings and even all saints is like Mount Sumeru standing far above all the mountains, so it is called "high"; the light of Buddha's wisdom can illuminate all the world in the ten directions and break the darkness of ignorance in the hearts of all living beings, so it is called "brightness" .In addition, Mount Sumeru is made of four treasures, which is a metaphor for the Buddha's Nirvana and the four virtues of "I am always happy and pure". Habitat, it is said that the Buddha is the same as the sanctuary.The Buddha possesses such virtues as the many virtues of Mount Sumeru, so this Buddha is called Mount Sumeru Buddha. 137) To be held: To accept, to accept; to hold, to hold, please refer to the previous note "Holding". 138) Anuttara-samyak-sambodhi: The name of Buddha's wisdom is the supreme enlightenment.Ah, Wuye; Anutara, Shangye; Three, Righteousness; Miao, Waiting; Bodhi, Enlightenment.Its way is boundless and supreme; its way is upright and omnipresent, which is right and equal; its way is upright to wisdom, which is right enlightenment.Its meaning is: the supreme wisdom of truly equal awareness of all truths.Only the Buddha has this wisdom, and all living beings are not perfect. 139) Believe and accept: Believers, believe deeply; recipients, accept and hold.Faith, the name of the mental state, is the substance of all dharmas, the pure virtue of the Three Jewels, and the good root of the world. It is deeply joyful to believe in, and it is faith to make the heart clear. "Consciousness-Only Theory" says: "What is faith? Yu Shide is able to trust, endure, and pleasure, and the purity of the heart is the nature." "Jushe Lun" says: "The believer makes the heart clear." "Believers can clarify and purify, just like water essence beads can clarify turbid water, and the heart has faith beads, which can make the heart clear." "Jinhuayan Jing" says: "Faith is the mother of Taoyuan merits and virtues. Eliminate all kinds of doubts, and show the development of the supreme way." "Theory of Wisdom" says: "In the vast ocean of Buddhism, faith can be entered, and wisdom can be saved." 140) Make a vow: When you come to make a vow, you will make a vow soon.It means that when the karma matures in the near future, one will surely make a vow.If you make your vows in the future, you will be reborn in the world to come.Why?If you don't have a letter, don't make a wish. Once you make a wish, you will have all your beliefs and wishes. The "Amitabha Sutra Essentials" says: "Whether you can live or not depends entirely on the existence of faith and vows; the quality of the grade depends entirely on the depth of the name." 141) Sakyamuni Buddha: The leader of the Saha world for a generation, and the teacher of all Buddhist disciples.The son of King Jingfan, the lord of Kapila City in India, his mother was Mana, and his name was Siddhartha. He was born in Lumbini Garden in the east of the city.Contemplating life, old age, sickness and death, with the desire to escape from the world, so he went out of the palace to practice Taoism privately, and studied the Dharma from various heretics.Afterwards, he practiced asceticism for six years and felt that asceticism was not the path to Nirvana. He bathed in the Nilianchan River and ate the chylus of a shepherdess. He attained enlightenment under the bodhi tree at the age of thirty-five.After that, he traveled around for more than 40 years and guided people. In 487 BC, he entered Nirvana under the double Sala tree outside Kushi City. 142) Very difficult: there are four difficulties: 1. The World Honored One can practice and become a Buddha in the evil world of the five turbidities in the Saha land, which is one of the difficulties; Three, it is difficult to persuade all living beings to set their minds to practice, it is even more difficult to explain the right and gradual Dharma for all living beings, and it is very difficult to teach all living beings to directly enter the Yuandun Dharma at this moment, the third is difficult; 4. It is difficult to persuade sentient beings to accept this Yuandun Dharma, but it is even more difficult to persuade them to accept it and practice it hard.There are these four difficulties, hence the name Very Difficult. 143) Rare: Rare, there are very few things, there is nothing like it, and there is nothing in the world, it is called rare. 144) Saha country: also known as Saha world and Suohe world.Saha, in Sanskrit, is translated as the world of tolerance, because it is evil for all living beings in this world; and the Bodhisattvas suffer all kinds of hardships in order to educate and transform all living beings. "Wenju" Erxia said: "All living beings in this land are peaceful in the ten evils and refuse to leave"; "Beihua Jing" said: "It is all living beings who endure the three poisons and all kinds of troubles, so they are called Rentu"; "Xuanzan" says : "When the Bodhisattvas are doing benefit and happiness, they are full of resentment, suffering and distress, and they can bear the fatigue and fatigue."This Saha world is in the sea of twenty layers of worlds in Huazang, and it belongs to the thirteenth layer together with the Paradise of Ultimate Bliss. 145) Five turbid evil times: also known as five turbidity, five turbidity, etc.Living in the kalpa, after the life span of 20,000 years, there are five kinds of turbidity and impurity: kalpa turbidity, view turbidity, affliction turbidity, sentient beings turbidity, and life turbidity.Among them, the kalpa turbidity is taken as the general, and the other four turbidities are distinguished.Among the four turbidities, the main turbidity is the turbidity of seeing and the turbidity of affliction, and these two turbidities generate the remaining two turbidities among the four turbidities. 146) The turbidity of robbery: It is said that after the age of 20,000, the four turbidities such as "seeing" start. "Kalpa" is not turbid in nature, so it is called kalpa turbidity because of the four turbidities. 147) See turbidity: see the turbidity caused by confusion.There are five kinds of seeing, wrong seeing, body seeing, side seeing, wrong seeing, seeing and taking the view, and prohibition and taking the view, also known as the five beneficial messengers.This is caused by evil teachers and cults in the world, and it is easier to break, so it is called Lishi.The body sees, it is my own view (there is my body) and what I see (there is my own thing) as the body view; the side view: because of the body view, there is a severance behind the grasping, and there is a constant false view. Therefore, it is called side view; wrong view is the most evil of all wrong views, thinking that evil does not cause suffering and good does not bring happiness; wrong view is based on wrong view, and it is based on wrong view. All kinds of wrong views, such as the views of heretics holding on to evil methods, regenerate all kinds of heresy views; Those who are born with the cause of heaven), not the way of Tao (such as repairing ashes and fasting to think of the way of Nirvana).All these five views are the cause of the cycle of birth and death and the fall into the evil realm.The sentient beings at the time of kalpa's turbidity are full of this turbidity. 148) Affliction and turbidity: the turbidity caused by thinking and confusion (also known as repairing confusion).That is, the five kinds of greed, anger, ignorance, arrogance, and doubt, also known as the five blunt messengers.This is caused by all kinds of ignorance and troubles accumulated over the years, so it is difficult to judge, and it is called the blunt messenger.The sentient beings at the time of kalpa's turbidity are full of this turbidity. 149) Turbidity of sentient beings: sentient beings are afflicted by turbid views and turbid afflictions, their karma gradually declines, their minds are blunt and their bodies are weak, and they suffer more than blessings.The sentient beings at the time of kalpa's turbidity are full of this turbidity. 150) Fate turbidity: As a result of previous turbidity of seeing and turbidity of afflictions, the retribution will decline, and the lifespan will also decrease, even ten years old.Due to the extremely short life span, the suffering is also abundant.The sentient beings at the time of kalpa's turbidity are full of this turbidity. 151) Heaven and man: people in the heavens.For the realms of the heavens, see the previous note on "the heavens". 152) The root of karma: Karma: "Karma" is righteousness.Taking affliction (confusion) as the cause, mobilize the body's three mouths, four minds, three ten karmas, and create all kinds of karma with outflows, and feel the bitter fruits of heaven, people, and evil realms. Those who are "obstructed" are confused because they are confused by the situation they are facing and turn things upside down. Because of confusion, they cling to reason and become obstacles to knowledge, and cling to things and become obstacles to affliction.Start a career with confusion, and become a hindrance due to karma.Obstacles obstruct the holy way, make pedestrians stay in the three realms, and hinder the practice of the right way, hence the name.Obstacles include two, three, four, five, and ten obstacles, such as two obstacles: affliction obstacle (started by ego), knowing obstacle (started by Dharma); three obstacles: affliction obstacle (confusion), karma obstacle (karma) , Report obstacles (suffering) and so on.The root, the root of karma, is ignorance, greed, hatred, ignorance, arrogance, doubt, and wrong views, etc. 153) Pure Land: It is a place where gold, silver, glass, glass and other seven treasures are adorned, without the impurities of the four destinies and the five turbidities.The Pure Land can be divided into the Land of Retribution and the Land of Transformation: the Land of Retribution is the retribution of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas who have practiced cleanliness over the past eons.Huatu is the pure land where the Buddha changed for all living beings, and it is the place where Bodhisattvas and sentient beings live before the earth (before the first earth). The "Vimalakirti Sutra" details the seventeen pure lands and the eight methods of rebirth in the pure land. 154) Dharani: translated as "total holding", "holding", "able to hold", "able to cover" and so on.Its ontology is "Mind" and "Dinghui", which shows its function of adhering to the good law so that it will not be lost, and subduing the evil law so that it will not arise.There are four types of Dharani: Dharma, Righteousness, Mantra, and Forbearance.Dharma and righteousness are based on mindfulness and wisdom.Mantra is based on samadhi, patience is based on non-discrimination wisdom.The Dharma door he holds is called Dharani door.